Census Background

6th  Census 2020

The Population and Housing Census is held every 10 years. Since the establishment of Malaysia, 5 censuses have been implemented.


purpose  Purpose

Get a comprehensive and detailed resident and housing stock at a time for the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the population.


power  Power

  • Census Act 1960 (Revised 1969).
  • Statistics Act 1965 (Revised 1989).


resolution  Resolution

Resolution on 2020 World Population and Housing Census Programme adopted by the ECOSOC (10 June 2015) to ensure the member states to conduct a census during 2015-2024 period.


guide  Guide

Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, Revision 3, UNSD (2015).


Concept & Definition


Enumeration Block

  • A surface area created by design and has a certain boundary

Living Quarters

  • Living quarters have been defined for census purposes as places of abode, which are structurally separate and independent.
  • The term separate and independent mean the following:
    • Separate: A structure is considered separate if it is surrounded by walls, fence, etc. and is covered by a roof
    • Independent: A structure is said to be independent if it has direct access via a public staircase, communal passageway or landing (that is, occupants can come in or go out of their living quarters without passing through someone else’s premises)



  • A household consists of related and/or unrelated persons who usually live together and make common provisions for food and other essentials for living.
  • May contain several members or may be a member only.

Head of Household

Household members who usually live in this residence and are considered heads of other household members.


Member of Household

Household members who have or will stay with other members of the household for a period of 6 months or more in the census year, although no current census is conducted.


Census Boundary

 census boundary



Census Definition

The Population and Housing Census aims to obtain comprehensive and detailed stock and profiles of residents and housing at one particular time as a benchmark for the demographic and socio-economy characteristics of the population. Census data will be the foundation in monitoring population and housing trends for national development planning.


De Jure Concept

The Population and Housing Census of 2020 is using the ‘de jure’ approach which means that everyone is counted on the Census Day (July 2020) according to their usual place of residence.


De Facto Concept

The concept of ‘de facto’ means that everyone is counted according to where they are at the Census Night.


Census Day, the period of implementation of the Census, Timeline

To set the Census Day date, the date is preferably free from celebrations, monsoon winds, general holidays, Ramadhan, Aidiladha and any major events that may cause high population mobility. Based on these factors, the census date proposed is in July of 2020. However, the Department of Statistics has carried out census planning works since 2016, through activities such as census framework updates and map digitisation, preparation of the questionnaire, survey enumeration mode research and census-related human capital development.


 Year and Date of Census


Census Year Date of Census
1970 Housing: 27 July 1970 (Monday)
Population: 25 August 1970 (Thursday)
1980 Housing: 17 May 1980 (Saturday)
Population: 11 June 1980 (Wednesday)
1991* 14 August 1991 (Wednesday)
2000* 5 July2000 (Wednesday)
2010* 6 July 2010 (Tuesday)
2020* Phase 1 - 7 July - 30 September, 2020 (e-Census)
Phase 2 - 7 October - 24 October , 2020 (face-to-face interviews)


 *Population and Housing Census carried out simultaneously.



Banci Penduduk 2020
Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia

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